Gearing Up for Flu Season

As we head into the middle of September, it is not too early to start thinking about getting your annual flu shot. There are many myths and misconceptions about the flu, so here are some basic facts and recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Q & A style:

What exactly is the flu?

The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. (Contrary to public opinion, it is not “just a bad cold.”)

 

What are the most common flu symptoms?

Flu symptoms often come on very suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:

  • fever (although not everyone with the flu will have one)
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • body aches
  • headache
  • chills
  • fatigue
  • sometimes diarrhea and vomiting

The time from when a person is exposed and infected with flu to when symptoms begin is about 2 days but can range from about 1 to 4 days.

 

How might I get sick with the flu?

The flu virus is typically spread through tiny droplets made when people with the flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby. Less often, a person might get infected by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes.

 

What can I do to prevent getting sick with the flu?

The best form of prevention is to get a flu vaccine (shot) each year. The flu vaccine has been shown to reduce flu-related illnesses and the risk of serious flu complications that can result in hospitalization or even death. The flu virus strains change every year, which is why individuals need to get vaccinated every flu season.

The other recommendations are to avoid people who are sick, cover coughs and sneezes, and wash your hands frequently to help slow the spread of germs that cause the flu and other illnesses.

 

Should everyone get a flu shot?

The general recommendation is that everyone 6 months of age and older should get a flu shot every season. Vaccination is particularly important for people who are at high risk of serious complications from influenza, such as:

  • Children younger than 5, but especially children younger than 2 years old
  • Adults 65 years of age and older
  • Pregnant women (and women up to two weeks postpartum)
  • Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
  • Individuals with chronic health conditions such as asthma, heart disease, and chronic lung disease among others

There are some individuals who should not receive the flu shot, including:

  • Children younger than 6 months are too young to get a flu shot
  • People with severe, life-threatening allergies to flu vaccine or any ingredient in the vaccine such as gelatin, antibiotics, or other ingredients

Individuals with the following conditions should discuss the risks and benefits of flu vaccination with their provider:

  • If you have an allergy to eggs or any of the ingredients in the vaccine
  • If you ever had Guillain-Barré Syndrome (a severe paralyzing illness, also called GBS). Some people with a history of GBS should not get this vaccine

Bottom line: if you have questions about whether or not you should get the flu shot, talk to your doctor or other healthcare professional.

 

Can getting the flu shot give you the flu?

No, a flu shot cannot cause flu illness. Flu shots are currently made in two ways: with flu viruses that have been ‘inactivated’ and are therefore not infectious, or with no flu viruses at all. The most common side effects from the influenza shot are soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling where the shot was given. Low-grade fever, headache and muscle aches also may occur.

Some people may still get the flu even after getting a shot. This can happen for a few reasons:

  • It is possible they were exposed to the flu virus shortly before getting vaccinated or during the two-week period after vaccination that it takes the body to develop immune protection. Thus, the person could become ill with the flu before protection from the vaccine takes effect.

 

  • They may have been exposed to a flu virus strain that is different from the virus strains selected for the vaccine each year. Although vaccine manufacturers strive to produce vaccines that have the best “match” between the strains selected to make the vaccine and those spreading and causing illness, there are many different flu virus strains and an exact match is not always possible.

 

  • People can become ill from other respiratory viruses besides the flu, which may cause symptoms similar to the flu even when it is not the flu. The flu vaccine only protects against influenza, not other illnesses.

 

The good news is that even if you get the flu after being vaccinated, it typically leads to a milder case if you do get sick. In addition, getting vaccinated yourself also protects people around you, like babies and young children, older people, and people with certain chronic health conditions.

 

When should I get the flu shot?

The key is to get a flu shot before flu begins spreading in your community. It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies that protect against flu to develop in the body; thus, the CDC recommends that people get a flu shot by the end of October. However, it can still be beneficial to get vaccinated anytime throughout the flu season, even into January or later.

 

Where can I get a flu shot?

Flu shots are offered in many doctors’ offices, urgent care clinics, health departments, pharmacies and college health centers, as well as by many employers, and even in some schools. If you don’t have a regular doctor, you can get a flu vaccine somewhere else, like a health department, pharmacy, urgent care clinic, and often your school, college health center, or workplace.

To find a flu shot near you, visit the Flu Vaccine Finder (you may need to scroll down the page to see it).

 

What should I do if I do get the flu?

If you do get sick with the flu, antiviral drugs may be a treatment option. Check with your doctor promptly if you believe you have flu symptoms.  When used for treatment, antiviral drugs can lessen symptoms and shorten the time you are sick by 1 or 2 days. They also can prevent serious flu complications, like pneumonia.

In addition, if you get sick with flu symptoms, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible. The CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone (without the need to use a fever-reducing medicine). If you must leave home, for example to get medical care, wear a facemask if you have one, or cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue. Remember to wash your hands often to keep from spreading the flu to others.

For more information about the flu and how to protect yourself, please visit the CDC website.

The Calm before the Storm

Here in the heart of North Carolina, we are knee deep in preparation for the threat of Hurricane Florence. I saw a great quote on Facebook yesterday: “Waiting for a hurricane is like being stalked by a turtle.”  I had to chuckle, but this analogy is spot on. The good thing about hurricanes is we have advanced warning before they strike, so we can prepare for the worst. The bad thing about hurricanes is we have advanced warning, so we can also sit and worry about the unknown for days on end. In some ways, the waiting and worrying seems worse than whatever damage the storm may bring.

For those of you in Florence’s path, this storm is predicted to be fierce so please, please heed the advice of the experts and be prepared. Click here for the Department of Homeland Security’s hurricane preparedness toolkit. If you live in Wake County, you can sign up for emergency alerts here. As with any major storm, things can change up until the last minute so stay abreast of the latest storm warnings via the National Hurricane Center website. I pray for the safety of all of us in the storm’s path.

I chose this topic for both its literal and figurative meaning. As so many of us are distracted by the threat of Florence (as well as the other storms brewing in the Atlantic), I fear that it will overshadow the importance of today, the anniversary of 9/11. For many people, it is just another year that has past since that terrible tragedy 17 years ago. But for the families and friends who lost loved ones at the Pentagon, the Twin Towers and that grassy field in Pennsylvania, it is an annual reminder of the permanent hole left in their hearts. There is often beautiful weather just before a major storm; the same was true on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. If you recall, it was a clear day on the east coast, with bright blue skies…until those skies were darkened by the smoke and ashes from fiery attacks on our homeland. We didn’t have any warning that day, so there was no way to prepare for the events that unfolded before our eyes.

As information about the numerous victims became available in the days after the attacks, I learned of the tragic loss of several alumni from my high school. So today, like every September 11th, I pause in remembrance of these individuals who were taken too soon:

Michael Curtin (Class of 1975)

Joanne Ahladiotis (Class of 1992)

Lisa Egan (Class of 1988)

Samantha Egan (Class of 1995)

 

Rest in peace, knowing we will never forget. You have taught us to cherish each day as if it were our last.

JKH 9-11 anniv letter to editor
Reflecting on the 10th anniversary of 9/11

Being present vs. planning for the future?

I saw an interesting tweet the other day that caught my attention. It was shared by Ram Dass, aka Richard Alpert, an American spiritual teacher, former academic and clinical psychologist, and the author of the book Be Here Now. He received the following question from a student: “How do you have plans and goals and still stay in the present?”

This question came up for me a few years ago when I first embarked on establishing a mindfulness meditation practice. I have also received this question from others when discussing mindfulness. I initially recall feeling like there was a contradiction – and as someone who thrives on planning and setting goals, I wasn’t sure how to reconcile the two. However, as time went by, I realized the two concepts can and do go hand in hand.

Ram Dass’ full response was somewhat abstract, but this quote seems to capture the main idea:

“So, I would say that I plan for the future, and then I live in the present, and when the future becomes the present, I live in it, and this is it and here we are.”

That left me wanting a little more, so I did some web surfing to see what others had to say about this topic. Somewhat surprisingly, I had difficulty finding evidence-based articles about this idea. There were a plethora of articles promoting the benefits of living in the moment, including increased happiness and decreased anxiety, but no mention of how to incorporate future planning and/or goal setting. I did, however, find a number of blogs and websites from individuals similar to me, i.e., coaches or other wellness/lifestyle advocates, who grappled with this idea as well.

In reviewing several of these sites, I thought Heidi Hill, Mindfulness Educator and Coach, and founder of Life in Full Bloom, summed it up nicely. She proposes three ways to be present while still planning for the future:

1) Set goals but let go of your expectations.

It is important to have goals and pursue them, but we must recognize and accept that we have limited control over the exact outcome of the goals we set.  To avoid stress, we must try not to obsess about the exact outcomes.

Lori Deschene, the founder of the website Tiny Buddha, also addressed the importance of balancing the present and the future in this quote:

“I want to accept and appreciate what is, while imagining and creating what could be. As beautiful and freeing as it is to immerse ourselves in the moment, we do ourselves a disservice if we don’t devote at least a little time to shaping the ones to come.”

As she points out, we don’t have to make a choice between being peaceful or being productive – we can be both.

2) Plan for the future, but don’t waste your time worrying about the future.

This was a common theme across several sites I visited – the distinction between planning for the future and worrying about the future. As Heidi states, worrying is not planning. The key difference: Planning is intentional. We decide to plan. Worrying is mindless and unintentional. Planning is done in the present, while worry takes us out of the present.

Marie Forleo, a self-described “Multi-Passionate Entrepreneur,” echoes this concept in a brief video about how to be present and still plan for the future, a question she received from a viewer of her weekly Internet show, MarieTV. When we are planning, we are present. When we are worrying, we are not present. However, it is possible to turn that anxiety about the future into meaningful planning for the future. The key is to be mindful when planning. As she states: “Planning consciously for the future is one of the best tools to stay grounded in the present.”

3) Balance planning with action.

More than one blogger put forth the notion that life satisfaction generally requires a balance of being and planning. The key is finding the right balance.  Heidi noted that “Action in the present is what enables our future.” She uses the example of someone wanting to write a book. You can’t just plan to write the book. You have to start writing the book little by little each day.

And finally, I thought Roberto Santamarina with Morphe Life Fitness did a nice job describing how our actions tie back to our goals:

“Mindfulness means that you focus and engage fully with any act that you are performing at the present moment while understanding the long-term intent that inspires that act. If your goal is to lose 30 pounds in six months, then everything you do in service of that goal is an act that you can enjoy, cherish, celebrate, and reward yourself for, so that you may continue to be inspired to perform that act again repeatedly until your goal has been met. …As you focus intensely on the Present, you are at once manifesting your goals for the Future.”

Simply put, being present in the moment and planning for the future are not mutually exclusive. The key is to be mindfully present when you engage in setting goals and planning for the future.

Pets and Your Health

This Saturday, August 11th, is the one-year anniversary of welcoming the feline goddesses, Athena and Artemis, into our home. Given the joy I experience having them in my life, I thought it would be fun to explore what impact pets can have on our health and wellbeing.

My pet history

Growing up, I did not have any indoor pets as almost everyone in my immediate family – including me – was allergic to cats or dogs or both. Several of my close friends had dogs and there was at least one semi-stray cat that hung around the block as the neighbors continued to feed it. I enjoyed playing with these animals and always thought it would be nice to own a pet someday.

Fast forward about 15 years to my desperate attempt to find housing in North Carolina as I prepared to move from New York to start graduate school. Through luck or fate, I was reconnected with an acquaintance from college who was already a student in the same graduate program. She and some friends were renting a house and needed a fourth roommate. The only catch – one of the women had two house cats. Given that my allergy to cats was not severe and my symptoms could typically be managed with over-the-counter medication, I decided to take a chance. I figured it would at least be a place to live temporarily until I could find something else if my allergies prevented me from staying.

I moved in that August and immediately fell in love with the cats. Danny was a big orange tabby who loved to lay on my bed as I studied. Mona was a mischievous little grey tabby who was most often found in the bathroom, waiting for someone to turn on the water so she could play with it. At first, I did experience some allergic symptoms – occasional sneezing fits, watery eyes and a little stuffiness here and there, but I was content to medicate with an anti-histamine. The joy of having these two critters in the house outweighed any discomfort or inconvenience I experienced. They were often a huge source of stress relief during my grueling two-year program.

I was sad to say goodbye to my feline friends when my housemates and I finished school and moved on to new adventures. However, my experience taught me that I could live with cats despite my allergy and I was eager to own a pet of my own. I moved in with my fiancé (now husband) after graduation and a few months later, as I was still struggling to find a full-time job, he suggested we adopt a cat. That was the start of our journey to pet ownership. We are definitely “cat people” although there are several dogs in our extended family whom we love dearly too.

The health benefits of pets

A quick online search revealed a plethora of information regarding the health benefits of owning pets, particularly dogs but cats as well. Here are just a few ways that owning a pet can improve both your physical and mental health:

Reduce your cardiovascular disease risk

  • According to experts at the Harvard Medical School and a 2013 study conducted by the American Heart Association, owning a dog can reduce heart disease risk factors and potentially help you live longer. Experts believe the connection is related to dog owners being more active, since walking your dog can help you meet the recommended daily exercise guidelines. The extra exercise may also be why dog owners tend to have lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Prevent or reduce allergies in children

  • Much like my experience growing up, the old thinking was that if you came from an allergy-prone family, pets should be avoided. According to WebMD, recent studies have suggested that children growing up in a home with “furred animals,” such as a cat or dog, will have less risk of allergies and asthma. University of Wisconsin-Madison pediatrician James E. Gern has conducted a number of studies that demonstrate having a pet in the home can actually lower a child’s likelihood of developing related allergies by as much as 33 percent. In fact, his published research shows that children exposed early on to animals tend to develop stronger immune systems overall.

Decrease stress

  • Simply being in the same room as your pet can have a calming effect. The neurochemical oxytocin is released when we look at our companion animal, which brings feelings of joy. It is also accompanied by a decrease in cortisol, a stress hormone. According to the CDC, studies have shown that cats provide emotional support, improve moods, and contribute to the overall morale of their owners. Dogs not only provide comfort and companionship, but several studies have found that dogs decrease stress and promote relaxation.

Boost your self-esteem

  • Pets are completely non-judgmental – they don’t care what you look like or how you behave. They love unconditionally and that boots our self-esteem. An article on Health.com notes that research studies have found that pet owners have higher self-esteem, as well as feelings of belonging and meaningful existence, than individuals who do not own pets.

As someone who has been a proud pet owner for almost 20 years, I have experienced many of these benefits firsthand. There is nothing better than coming home after a long day at work and having my kitties greet me at the door. Their playful antics often crack me up and as they say, laughter is the best medicine. And when I am feeling stressed, all I have to do is cuddle on the couch, stroke their soft fur and hear their contented purrs to feel calm again.

Owning pets is a big responsibility, but there are so many ways you will reap the benefits of their companionship. Consider adopting a shelter animal today!

 

Some observations on health overseas

My family and I just returned from a short vacation over in London. I was struck by a number of health- and wellness-related observations I made while abroad, so I thought I would share them while still fresh on my mind (fortunately, the jet lag hasn’t been too bad). As promised back when I started this blog, I’m stating up front that these are just my anecdotal observations. Not evidence-based but interesting nonetheless – or at least I hope you think so!

So many steps

I think I broke my Fitbit record for steps this past week – yahoo! Here in the US, I typically struggle to get 10,000 steps before I go to bed at night – and that’s with my 30-60-minute workout each day. In London, I was easily at 10,000 steps before midday tea every day except our travel days. Even with hopping the “tube” around town to visit various sites, there was still a ton of walking to be done. Most of the Underground stations had several flights of stairs or escalators to get to street level. In one older station, the elevators (or “lifts” as they like to call them) were out of order so we had to take the stairs – 193 in total, equivalent to 15 stories (or so said the lovely British woman on the PA system as she broke the news to travelers). I felt the burn that day!

The amount of walking we did in London got me thinking about our life – and lifestyle – here in Raleigh. While sight-seeing in London, we didn’t bat an eye at walking a mile to the next tourist attraction. It just seemed natural and most of the time, quicker than trying to catch the nearest tube. Yet, I realized the movie theater we frequent here in town is about a mile from our house…and we rarely walk to it, even in beautiful weather when we have plenty of time. There’s really no excuse – there are sidewalks almost the whole way and crosswalks at the “busiest” intersections, which really aren’t busy at all when I put it into perspective. We’re just so used to the convenience of our cars. I understand the argument that US suburbs are nothing like high density cities such as London, but bottom line: a mile is a mile. If we can walk it over there, we can walk it over here. I’m going to nudge my family in that direction next time we have plans to catch a flick.

Size matters

Another thing I noticed, particularly as we were riding the subway, was the noticeable lack of overweight and obese individuals. Sadly, the ones we did see often had American accents. I’m guessing that all of that walking around helps the natives manage their weight, as I also noticed the scarcity of gyms and fitness centers around the city. There were some scattered here and there, and I definitely saw women dressed in athletic wear, often carrying yoga mats. But nothing like here where you’ll often find two or three gyms within a mile radius.

Something else my husband pointed out when we were getting coffee near our flat was the distinct lack of choice when it came to cup sizes. In many shops and restaurants where we dined, there was one size and I would say it was on the smaller side compared to back home. I think the coffee cup at our favorite shop was about 12 ounces – not too big, not too small. The business decision behind the cup size was probably more cost-related than health-related, but I imagine it helps keep calorie counts down as well. At most of the nicer restaurants where we ate, the beverage glasses were definitely smaller than those at restaurants here in the states. Prices seemed lower too, even with the British pound to American dollar conversion. Smaller sizes, lower prices – a win-win in my book.

Up in smoke

Lest you think I believe London has a leg up on all health- and wellness-related matters, let me say that they seem to be lagging behind the US in their tobacco cessation efforts.  Although most restaurants and shops were smoke-free inside, smoking was allowed when dining outside, much like it is here in the US. I also saw people smoking regular and e-cigarettes quite frequently while we were sight-seeing. It was rather frustrating to be walking along the Thames River on a beautiful day when suddenly you find yourself trapped in a cloud of vapor emanating from the person in front of you. I did see the usual no smoking signs in public places, but I did not see many anti-smoking messages like we have here in the states.

Media fast

One thing that struck me once we were getting ready to come home was how happy I had been for the four days when I was essentially on a “media fast,” with limited access to news. Here at home, I usually read the Raleigh newspaper every morning and I have two news apps (one local and one national) that I check regularly throughout the day. I didn’t pick up a newspaper once while we were gone. We had a TV in the flat we rented but flipped it on only a few times when we were still adjusting to the time change and needed to just chill out before going to bed. We had chosen to do the “pay as you go” travel plan for our cell phones and thus, limited ourselves to one “activated” phone per day. Even on the days when it was my turn to have cellular turned on – and despite having access to free WiFi almost everywhere we went – I did not have the urge to check on the news like I do back home.

Maybe it was a matter of trying to be truly disconnected from the world, so I could enjoy my vacation, but it made me realize that I can survive (and thrive, really) without the constant need to know what’s happening around me. I pride myself to some extent with being an informed citizen who stays abreast of current events, but to be honest, I’m more often overwhelmed by the sense of information overload I experience when trying to take it all in. I think this vacation demonstrated that being tuned out now and then is not the end of the world and leads to more peace of mind than being in the know every minute of the day. I’m hoping I can continue my limited media exposure as I ease back into my normal schedule, now that I realize it’s better for my mental health.

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Know your numbers – but which ones?

It’s that time of year when many employers are strongly encouraging their employees to complete their biometric screening, typically as part of an employee wellness incentive program. According to the CDC, a biometric health screening is defined as “the measurement of physical characteristics such as height, weight, body mass index, blood pressure, blood cholesterol, [and] blood glucose…that can be taken at the work site and used as part of a workplace health assessment to benchmark and evaluate changes in employee health status over time.” Many organizations use this screening as a way to increase benefit offerings, improve employee health, and decrease health plan costs at the same time. Given the amount and variety of measurements involved in such screenings, making sense of the numbers can be challenging for many people.

I recently came across an article in the Washington Post written by a registered dietitian, who surveyed 20 experts in her field for their suggestions of which numbers are the most important when it comes to monitoring health. Interestingly, many of the numbers they believed to be most important are not even part of the usual biometric screening. For example, the first two recommendations focused on daily fruit, vegetable and fiber intake:

  • When it comes to a healthy diet, a simple method to use is the plate model, with appropriate proportions of fruits, vegetables, proteins, and grains. The rule of thumb is to fill half your plate with mostly vegetables and some fruit, which may be easier than trying to track how many servings of each you’ve eaten. Using this plate method can also help you get the recommended daily amount of fiber, which is 25-35 grams. Fiber is important for regularity, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and prevention of certain cancers including colorectal cancer. It is also helpful in weight management as it keeps you feeling full for longer. Fiber-rich foods include most vegetables (the darker the color, the better), fruits, beans, nuts/seeds and whole grains.

The article did reference two of the typical biometric tests as being important for health management: fasting blood glucose (sugar) level and blood pressure:

  • The fasting blood glucose test is used to check for Type 2 diabetes and the goal is for it to be less than 100 mg/dL. These days, it seems more and more people are diagnosed with “pre-diabetes,” which corresponds to a blood sugar level of 100-125 mg/dL. The good news is that you can often reverse the effects of Type 2 diabetes (and pre-diabetes) through eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Therefore, it’s important to conduct this test at least annually to monitor your blood sugar level so you’ll be able to make necessary lifestyle changes to prevent or reverse a diagnosis of diabetes.

 

  • High blood pressure is commonly referred to as the silent killer because it often has no clear symptoms. However, if untreated, high blood pressure can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Therefore, it’s important to monitor your blood pressure regularly so you can seek treatment if necessary. This measurement is more important than ever as new guidelines from the American Heart Association lower the definition of high blood pressure to account for complications that can occur at lower numbers and to allow for earlier intervention. Previously, a measurement of 140/90 or greater was considered high. Now, the threshold has been lowered to 130-139/80-89 and even 121-129/<80 is considered “elevated” and an early warning that blood pressure should be lowered through non-medication approaches (primarily diet modification and exercise).

 

The author also addressed some measurements that she and her colleagues believe don’t matter as much when it comes to monitoring health. I agreed with all of them, but the one I want to address is body mass index or BMI, as there has been lively debate for some time now as to whether it is an accurate measure of health, particularly of obesity. As the author notes, BMI is a tool used to classify people into categories of normal weight, overweight or obese depending on height and weight. Individuals with BMI results in the latter two categories are often encouraged to lose weight by their healthcare provider and many are incentivized to do so through workplace wellness programs. However, BMI does not consider factors such as age, gender and bone structure, nor can it distinguish between muscle and fat. Thus, you can have a healthy, athletic person who exercises regularly but has a high BMI due to muscle mass. Or conversely, you can have a person with a normal BMI who does not eat well or exercise at all and is generally unhealthy. Going by BMI only, the athlete would be considered the obese or unhealthy one.

Scientists have recognized that what really matters is not body weight but body fat, and thus given the limitations of BMI, they now recommend a different measure for body fat/obesity: waist circumference. Measuring your waist to learn if you have abdominal obesity and excess visceral fat (fat surrounding your internal organs) is important as excessive fat inside the abdomen is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease. You have a higher risk of developing obesity-related conditions if you are:

  • A man whose waist circumference is more than 40 inches
  • A non-pregnant woman whose waist circumference is more than 35 inches

The one drawback to waist measurement is that it is more prone to errors than measuring height and weight. Click here to learn the proper way to measure waist circumference. It may also help to have a family member or a healthcare professional measure it for you, to be as accurate as possible.

There are numerous ways to measure and monitor your health and wellbeing. It’s important to look at a variety of screening test results to understand the complete picture of your health, but it’s also important not to get hung up on measurements that may not be all that accurate. I encourage you to discuss the options with your healthcare provider at your next physical or checkup so that together you can determine the best measures of your health.

On the Fourth, Put Safety First

Many of us are looking forward to July 4th, a day off to celebrate our nation’s independence and frolic in the summer sun. Whatever activities you have planned, please consider the following safety tips (courtesy of the American Red Cross) so you and your family can enjoy the holiday and remain safe while doing so.

Highway safety

Millions of people will travel by vehicle over the Fourth of July holiday. Follow these four rules to stay safe while driving:

  • Adults should wear seat belts and children should be in appropriate car seats at all times.
  • Observe speed limits and use extra caution in work zones or congested areas.
  • Do not drink and drive or operate a vehicle under the influence of other drugs.
  • Pay full attention to the road – pull over if you need to make a call or send a text.

Water safety

Many of you may be planning to swim and/or engage in other water-related activities. Here are a few ways to make water safety a priority whether at the pool, the beach, or your favorite watering hole:

  • Always swim with a buddy; do not allow anyone to swim alone.
  • Have young children and inexperienced swimmers wear a life jacket.
  • Obey all instructions and orders from lifeguards.
  • Always check weather conditions before going in the water, especially at the beach.
  • Be aware of the danger of rip currents. If caught in one, swim parallel to the shore until out of the current. When free, turn and swim toward shore. If unable to swim to the shore, call out for help, float or tread water until free of the rip current and then head toward shore.

Grilling safety

One of the best parts of the holiday is the yummy eats that are served up at backyard parties. Stick with these steps to safely cook up treats on a charcoal or gas grill:

  • Always supervise a grill when in use.
  • Never grill indoors – not in the house, camper, tent, or any enclosed area.
  • Make sure young children and pets stay away from the grill.
  • Keep the grill out in the open, away from the house, the deck, tree branches, or anything that could catch fire.

Fireworks safety

Perhaps the most exciting tradition on the Fourth: the bright, loud colorful displays that light up the night sky. The safest way to enjoy fireworks is to attend a public show put on by professionals. If fireworks are set off at home, please adhere to these safety steps to avoid serious injury:

  • Always follow the instructions on the packaging.
  • Keep a supply of water close by as a precaution.
  • Make sure the person lighting fireworks wears eye protection.
  • Never throw or point fireworks toward people, animals, vehicles, structures or flammable materials.

Don’t forget about sun protection

If we’re lucky, Mother Nature will cooperate and provide lots of sunshine this week, so we can enjoy the beautiful outdoors. However, the hot sun and high temperatures can also bring potential health hazards such as heat stroke. Watch for warning signs including hot, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse; and rapid, shallow breathing. If you suspect someone is suffering from heat stroke, do the follow:

  • Call 9-1-1 and move the person to a cooler place.
  • Quickly cool the body by applying cool, wet cloths or towels to the skin (or misting it with water) and fanning the person.
  • Watch for signs of breathing problems and make sure the airway is clear. Keep the person lying down.

Check out my earlier post for additional tips on staying safe in the summer sun. After all, no one wants to have the fun cut short due to a nasty, painful sunburn, right?

I wish you all a safe, happy and relaxing Fourth of July!

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